Now I don't know about you, but I've been under the impression that the situation in Fukushima, although dramatic, is qualitatively less serious than Chernobyl. I've read reports (sometimes whilst sitting in lounges like the one in Paris) that the Japanese plants have a more modern design, and that those long-distance shots of smoke coming from the buildings were “more of a leak than an explosion.”
Then I saw this photograph: Does that look like a “leak” to you? The image appears in Stoneleigh's long report about Fukushima. She is at pains to remind us that “nobody knows, for sure, how bad the impacts of Fukushima will be in the long run” — but then explains that the pool at unit 3 contained almost an entire core of spent fuel — and that fifty metres from Unit 4 is — or was — a larger store of spent fuel with a volume of 3,828 cubic meters (in feet: 290 x 120 x110 deep).
Nobody knows for sure that the fuel has been blown to smithereens and into the air and the sea — but if I look at the photograph I find it hard to believe that the long-term consequences will be benign.
The writer George Monbiot has attacked nuclear energy's opponents for their double standards. “In the normal course of operations, at least six people are killed in Chinese coal mines every day” he argued; “even if you accept the official figure, Chinese coal mining alone kills as many people every week as the worst nuclear power accident in history — the Chernobyl explosion — has done in 25 years.”
This may well be true, but I question whether Monbiot, in his search for a single “standard,” is comparing like with like. Why did he not remind us that one thousand children are killed on the roads every day?
Deaths on the road share a common root cause with power station deaths: our world's growing transport intensity and the energy needed to sustain it. The debate we need to have is not about nuclear versus coal versus solar as energy sources; it's about the energy and resource intensity of the economy as a whole.Design that protects us from this uncomfortable issue — design that smooths our way through life as that lounge smoothed my passage in Paris — does us a disservice in the long run.